Sperm donors - sperm donation - Fairfax Cryobank
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Specimen Information

See Fairfax Cryobank Specimen Quality Standard

Specimen Types:

Fairfax Cryobank has frozen donor sperm specimens specifically prepared for three types of procedures; direct intrauterine insemination (IUI or prewashed), intracervical insemination (ICI or standard) and In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). IUI ready frozen donor sperm has been prepared by washing the fresh ejaculate specimen to remove the seminal plasma contents prior to freezing. ICI and IVF specimens contain seminal plasma and require additional processing if used in procedures other than intracervical insemination. The specimens are resuspended and frozen in a freeze media containing a cryoprotectant. Fairfax Cryobank specimens are color coded to indicate the specimen type. IUI-ready specimens are color coded with an ORANGE cap, ICI specimens are color coded with a RED cap, and IVF doses are color coded with a WHITE cap.


The number of donors with IUI, ICI, and IVF specimens and the quantity of doses available on any individual donor will vary from day to day. Typically, 1-2 vials are used per procedure or cycle.  However, it is best to consult with your physician as the number you will need may vary. To ensure donor availability, we advise purchasing and storing units for future use. As a courtesy, Fairfax Cryobank does offer waitlists for donors whose doses are currently sold out and have additional doses held in quarantine. Click here to see the Waitlist FAQs.

See details of donor availability based on pregnancy limits and units sold


Donor Categories:

Fairfax Cryobank donors are separated into four categories, each defined below. Please check the fee schedule for differences in prices between the categories.

All donors have undergone the exact same intensive screening procedures of Fairfax Cryobank which includes a multi generational family history, physical examination, and extensive genetic and infectious disease testing. All Sperm Donors will have extensive personal information available; personal profiles, photo matching, donor essays, audio interview CDs ad childhood photos in addition to summary and medical profiles.

FAIRFAX GRADUATE category is the largest category of anonymous and ID Option sperm donors.  All donors in this category are in the process of earning or have completed a post college graduate degree.  These donors include: masters level degrees, medical, dental, chiropractic, law (Juris Doctorate), veterinary, optometry, pharmacy, and Ph.D. students and graduates. 

FAIRFAX category is comprised of anonymous  and ID Option donors who are in the process of earning, or have completed, a Bachelor's degree.

FAMILY SOLUTIONS from Fairfax Cryobank was initiated in 1998 to offer anonymous donor sperm at a discounted rate. In 2008 we reevaluated this donor category so as to include more donors. Some of the donors in this group were in and out of the program before we started gathering extensive personal information. Other donors are in this group in order to balance our inventories. Summary and medical profiles are available for all donors in this group, and several of them have additional information available. Donors will rotate into and out of this category as our inventory requirements dictate.

ID OPTION  donors agree to allow Fairfax Cryobank to share identifying information with registered offspring, 18 or older, conceived by donor insemination with their semen specimen. Adult offspring who have been registered will be the ONLY individual(s) with the authority to request identifying information and to have access to the identifying information. For more information and to download the ID Option Patient Agreement, please click here.


Not all ID Option Donor Programs were Created Equally!  


ID Option sperm donors are sperm donors who agree to be contacted by offspring who were conceived with their samples.  Usually this is after the offspring reach the age of 18. 


Fairfax Cryobank offers ID Option donors: donors who have signed a contract with us that they agree to have identifying information shared with the offspring when the offspring reaches the age of 18. 


Most sperm banks have programs for ID Option donors, and these programs vary between the various banks.  Therefore, if finding an ID Option donor is crucial in your decision making process, it is imperative that you research the programs at the different sperm banks and, most importantly, ask questions!  Before you purchase an ID Option donor, be sure to have all of your questions answered so you your child does not run into any difficulties later when attempting to contact the donor.   


Questions to ask? 

1. Will my donor's identity and contact information be released when my child turns 18 years old?


2. Does the donor have the option to change his mind later in life (about being an ID Option donor)?  


3. Will you provide my child with the donor's contact information when my child contacts you or do you mediate contact with the donor? 


4. What specific information will my child receive when he/she contacts you? 



Fairfax Cryobank answers those questions: 

1. Fairfax Cryobank will release the donor's contact information to a child of that donor once the child turns 18 years of age (as long as the child's birth was registered using our Birth Registration Form)


2. Once a donor opts to become an ID Option donor, he will honor that contract until the end.  In other words, once he becomes an ID Option donor, he will remain an ID Option donor infinitively.


3. Fairfax Cryobank believes that the child should be given the opportunity to contact the donor him or herself; therefore, we will release the donor's contact information to the child (as long as the child's birth was registered), we do not mediate contact.


4. When your child turns 18 years of age, Fairfax Cryobank will release the donor's full name, date of birth, last known telephone number(s), email address, physical address, and other personally identifying information that the donor previously agreed to release.



Other sperm banks may state that they have ID Option donors; however, they may either make the sharing of information voluntary on the part of the donor when the time comes, or they will mediate the interaction between the donor and offspring to protect the donor's identity.  Offspring could call one of these other sperm banks at the age of 18 and not receive the donor's name and/or contact information.


For more information about our privacy policy that reviews our guidelines on donor anonymity, see Privacy Policy. Please check the fee schedule for IUI, ICI and IVF specimen pricing for each category


Processing, Packaging and Freezing:

All donor sperm specimens are produced onsite at the Fairfax Cryobank facility and tracked with a 3-part tracking label to verify the donor of origin. All specimens are processed using methods to provide protection from contamination of the specimen during processing.

Before freezing, a freezing media contining a cryoprotectant buffer is added to the specimens to protect the sperm cells and membranes during the freezing, storage, and thawing process. Fairfax Cryobank completes a bioassay test of each lot of freeze media to determine its suitability before use.

After processing and addition of the freeze media, 0.5 ml aliquots of the specimen are packaged in individual vials for ICI and IUI-ready specimens, IVF specimens are processed with volumes of 0.5-1.0 ml aliquots. All vials are color-coded and labeled with the unique donor number, freeze date, vial #, and a code for the facility of origin.

After freezing, the specimen vials are stored at -196 degrees Centrigrade in liquid nitrogen tanks for 6 months quarantine. The donor is subsequently retested for infectious disease before the specimens are released for use. The liquid nitrogen tanks are specifically designed with alarm systems for safety and security of the specimens.


Fairfax Cryobank Specimen Quality Standard:

See details of Fairfax Cryobank's Donor Specimen Standard here.


More is Not Always Better

We all often fall into the societal pressure to accept that more is better or bigger is better, but that isn't always the case. Sometimes there is an optimal amount, as is the case of the number of sperm required to achieve pregnancy through insemination.


At Fairfax Cryobank we have a specimen quality standard that all vials (ICI and IUI) will have a minimum of 10 million Total motile cells (TMC) per vial. We chose to put 10 million TMC per vial after careful consideration of data from laboratories at the Genetics &  IVF Institute, our parent company founded in 1983, and an extensive literature review.  Several studies demonstrate that when it comes to pregnancy rates, more is not always better. There is an observed plateau in pregnancy rates once the concentration of cells reaches 10 million. (Van Voorhis et al, 2001) & (Cressman et al, 1996). 


We have carefully calculated what we believe to the optimal concentration of cells in the specimen for the ultimate goal of bringing home a healthy happy bundle of joy.  



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